THE CAPITAL OF CROATIA
Zagreb is the capital and largest city of Croatia. It is in the northwest of the country, along the Sava river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain. Zagreb lies at an elevation of approximately 122 m (400 ft) above sea level.
The estimated population of the city in 2018 was 804,507. The population of the Zagreb urban agglomeration is 1,153,255,approximately a quarter of the total population of Croatia.
Zagreb is a city with a rich history dating from Roman times. The oldest settlement in the vicinity of the city was the Roman Andautonia, in today's Ščitarjevo. The name "Zagreb" is recorded in 1134, in reference to the foundation of the settlement at Kaptol in 1094. Zagreb became a free royal city in 1242.
The city extends over 30 kilometres (19 miles) east-west and around 20 kilometres (12 miles) north-south.
The climate of Zagreb is classified as an oceanic climate, but with significant continental influences and very closely bordering on a humid continental climate as well as a humid subtropical climate. Summers are generally warm, sometimes hot. In late May it gets significantly warmer, temperatures start rising and it is often very warm or even hot with frequent afternoon and evening thunderstorms. Heatwaves can occur but are short-lived. Temperatures rise above 30 °C (86 °F) on an average 14.6 days each summer.